In Kirghiz, converbs in -(V)p and -y head non-finite syntactically subordinate clauses and their subject generally corefers with the subject of the superordinate clause, i.e. they are same-subject converbs (SS-converbs). With converbs clauses headed by the converb in -(V)p, part-whole relations between the subject of the converbial clause and the subject of the superordinate clause also license SS-converbs. Possession must be overtly coded on the possessed subject.
See also Altai, Bashkir, Forest Enets, Karaim, Khalkha Mongolian, Khanty (Eastern), Khanty (Northern), Old Turkic, Shor, Tundra Enets, Tundra Nenets, Turkish, Tuvan (Altai), Tuvan (Jungar), Tuvan (Todža), Udmurt, Uyghur, Uzbek, Yukaghir (Kolyma), Yukaghir (Tundra).
Imart, Guy. 1981. Le kirghiz (Turk d'Asie Centrale Soviétique). Aix-en-Provence: Publications de l’Université de Provence.